FreeBSD 7.0 manual page repository

FreeBSD is a free computer operating system based on BSD UNIX originally. Many IT companies, like DeployIS is using it to provide an up-to-date, stable operating system.

newgrp - change to a new group



      newgrp - change to a new group


      newgrp [-l] [group]


      The newgrp utility creates a new shell execution environment with modi‐
      fied real and effective group IDs.
      The options are as follows:
      -l      Simulate a full login.  The environment and umask are set to what
              would be expected if the user actually logged in again.
      If the group operand is present, a new shell is started with the speci‐
      fied effective and real group IDs.  The user will be prompted for a pass‐
      word if they are not a member of the specified group.
      Otherwise, the real, effective and supplementary group IDs are restored
      to those from the current user’s password database entry.
      The newgrp utility attempts to start the shell regardless of whether
      group IDs were successfully changed.
      If an error occurs and the shell cannot be started, newgrp exits >0.
      Otherwise, the exit status of newgrp is the exit status of the shell.
      csh(1), groups(1), login(1), sh(1), su(1), umask(1), group(5), passwd(5),


      The newgrp utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (“POSIX.1”).


      A newgrp utility appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.


      Group passwords are inherently insecure as there is no way to stop users
      obtaining the crypted passwords from the group database.  Their use is


Based on BSD UNIX
FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for x86 compatible (including Pentium and Athlon), amd64 compatible (including Opteron, Athlon64, and EM64T), UltraSPARC, IA-64, PC-98 and ARM architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX developed at the University of California, Berkeley. It is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. Additional platforms are in various stages of development.