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praudit - print the contents of audit trail files



      praudit - print the contents of audit trail files


      praudit [-lpx] [-r | -s] [-d del] [file ...]


      The praudit utility prints the contents of the audit trail files to the
      standard output in human-readable form.  If no file argument is speci‐
      fied, the standard input is used by default.
      The options are as follows:
      -d del  Specifies the delimiter.  The default delimiter is the comma.
      -l      Prints the entire record on the same line.  If this option is not
              specified, every token is displayed on a different line.
      -p      Specify this option if input to praudit is piped from the tail(1)
              utility.  This causes praudit to sync to the start of the next
      -r      Prints the records in their raw, numeric form.  This option is
              exclusive from -s.
      -s      Prints the tokens in their short form.  Short text representa‐
              tions for record and event type are displayed.  This option is
              exclusive from -r.
      -x      Print audit records in the XML output format.
      If the raw or short forms are not specified, the default is to print the
      tokens in their long form.  Events are displayed as per their descrip‐
      tions given in /etc/security/audit_event; UIDs and GIDs are expanded to
      their names; dates and times are displayed in human-readable format.


      /etc/security/audit_class    Descriptions of audit event classes.
      /etc/security/audit_event    Descriptions of audit events.
      auditreduce(1), audit(4), auditpipe(4), audit_class(5), audit_event(5)


      The OpenBSM implementation was created by McAfee Research, the security
      division of McAfee Inc., under contract to Apple Computer Inc. in 2004.
      It was subsequently adopted by the TrustedBSD Project as the foundation
      for the OpenBSM distribution.


      This software was created by McAfee Research, the security research divi‐
      sion of McAfee, Inc., under contract to Apple Computer Inc.  Additional
      authors include Wayne Salamon, Robert Watson, and SPARTA Inc.
      The Basic Security Module (BSM) interface to audit records and audit
      event stream format were defined by Sun Microsystems.


Based on BSD UNIX
FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for x86 compatible (including Pentium and Athlon), amd64 compatible (including Opteron, Athlon64, and EM64T), UltraSPARC, IA-64, PC-98 and ARM architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX developed at the University of California, Berkeley. It is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. Additional platforms are in various stages of development.