FreeBSD 7.0 manual page repository

FreeBSD is a free computer operating system based on BSD UNIX originally. Many IT companies, like DeployIS is using it to provide an up-to-date, stable operating system.

attroff, wattroff, attron, wattron, attrset, wattrset, color_set,



        attroff, wattroff, attron, wattron, attrset, wattrset, color_set,
        wcolor_set, standend, wstandend, standout, wstandout, attr_get,
        wattr_get, attr_off, wattr_off, attr_on, wattr_on, attr_set, wattr_set,
        chgat, wchgat, mvchgat, mvwchgat, PAIR_NUMBER - curses character and
        window attribute control routines


        #include <curses.h>
        int attroff(int attrs);
        int wattroff(WINDOW *win, int attrs);
        int attron(int attrs);
        int wattron(WINDOW *win, int attrs);
        int attrset(int attrs);
        int wattrset(WINDOW *win, int attrs);
        int color_set(short color_pair_number, void* opts);
        int wcolor_set(WINDOW *win, short color_pair_number,
              void* opts);
        int standend(void);
        int wstandend(WINDOW *win);
        int standout(void);
        int wstandout(WINDOW *win);
        int attr_get(attr_t *attrs, short *pair, void *opts);
        int wattr_get(WINDOW *win, attr_t *attrs, short *pair,
               void *opts);
        int attr_off(attr_t attrs, void *opts);
        int wattr_off(WINDOW *win, attr_t attrs, void *opts);
        int attr_on(attr_t attrs, void *opts);
        int wattr_on(WINDOW *win, attr_t attrs, void *opts);
        int attr_set(attr_t attrs, short pair, void *opts);
        int wattr_set(WINDOW *win, attr_t attrs, short pair, void *opts);
        int chgat(int n, attr_t attr, short color,
              const void *opts)
        int wchgat(WINDOW *win, int n, attr_t attr,
              short color, const void *opts)
        int mvchgat(int y, int x, int n, attr_t attr,
              short color, const void *opts)
        int mvwchgat(WINDOW *win, int y, int x, int n,
              attr_t attr, short color, const void *opts)


        These  routines  manipulate the current attributes of the named window.
        The current attributes of a window apply to  all  characters  that  are
        written  into  the window with waddch, waddstr and wprintw.  Attributes
        are a property of the character, and move with  the  character  through
        any  scrolling and insert/delete line/character operations.  To the ex‐
        tent possible, they are displayed as appropriate modifications  to  the
        graphic rendition of characters put on the screen.
        The  routine attrset sets the current attributes of the given window to
        attrs.  The routine attroff turns  off  the  named  attributes  without
        turning  any  other  attributes on or off.  The routine attron turns on
        the named attributes without affecting any others.  The routine  stand     
        out  is  the  same  as attron(A_STANDOUT).  The routine standend is the
        same as attrset(A_NORMAL) or attrset(0), that is, it turns off all  at‐
        The attrset and related routines do not affect the attributes used when
        erasing portions of the window.  See curs_bkgd(3X) for functions  which
        modify the attributes used for erasing and clearing.
        The routine color_set sets the current color of the given window to the
        foreground/background combination described by  the  color_pair_number.
        The parameter opts is reserved for future use, applications must supply
        a null pointer.
        The routine wattr_get returns the current attribute and color pair  for
        the given window; attr_get returns the current attribute and color pair
        for stdscr.  The remaining attr_* functions operate  exactly  like  the
        corresponding  attr* functions, except that they take arguments of type
        attr_t rather than int.
        The routine chgat changes the attributes of a given number  of  charac‐
        ters  starting  at  the current cursor location of stdscr.  It does not
        update the cursor and does not perform wrapping.  A character count  of
        -1  or  greater  than  the  remaining  window width means to change at‐
        tributes all the way to the end of the current line.  The wchgat  func‐
        tion  generalizes this to any window; the mvwchgat function does a cur‐
        sor move before acting.  In these functions, the color  argument  is  a
        color-pair  index (as in the first argument of init_pair, see curs_col     
        or(3X)).  The opts argument is not presently used, but is reserved  for
        the future (leave it NULL).
        The following video attributes, defined in <curses.h>, can be passed to
        the routines attron, attroff, and attrset, or OR’d with the  characters
        passed to addch.
                A_NORMAL        Normal display (no highlight)
                A_STANDOUT      Best highlighting mode of the terminal.
                A_UNDERLINE     Underlining
                A_REVERSE       Reverse video
                A_BLINK         Blinking
                A_DIM           Half bright
                A_BOLD          Extra bright or bold
                A_PROTECT       Protected mode
                A_INVIS         Invisible or blank mode
                A_ALTCHARSET    Alternate character set
                A_CHARTEXT      Bit-mask to extract a character
                COLOR_PAIR(n)   Color-pair number n
        The following macro is the reverse of COLOR_PAIR(n):
        PAIR_NUMBER(attrs) Returns the pair number associated
                           with the COLOR_PAIR(n) attribute.
        The  return  values  of many of these routines are not meaningful (they
        are implemented as macro-expanded assignments and simply  return  their
        argument).   The  SVr4 manual page claims (falsely) that these routines
        always return 1.


        Note  that  attroff,  wattroff,  attron,  wattron,  attrset,  wattrset,
        standend and standout may be macros.
        COLOR_PAIR  values  can only be OR’d with attributes if the pair number
        is less than 256.  The alternate functions such as color_set can pass a
        color pair value directly.  However, ncurses ABI 4 and 5 simply OR this
        value within the alternate functions.  You must use ncurses  ABI  6  to
        support more than 256 color pairs.


        These functions are supported in the XSI Curses standard, Issue 4.  The
        standard defined the dedicated type for highlights,  attr_t,  which  is
        not  defined  in SVr4 curses. The functions taking attr_t arguments are
        not supported under SVr4.
        The XSI Curses standard states that whether the  traditional  functions
        attron/attroff/attrset  can  manipulate  attributes other than A_BLINK,
        A_BOLD, A_DIM, A_REVERSE, A_STANDOUT, or A_UNDERLINE is  "unspecified".
        Under  this implementation as well as SVr4 curses, these functions cor‐
        rectly manipulate all  other  highlights  (specifically,  A_ALTCHARSET,
        A_PROTECT, and A_INVIS).
        XSI Curses added the new entry points, attr_get, attr_on, attr_off, at     
        tr_set, wattr_on, wattr_off, wattr_get, wattr_set.  These are  intended
        to work with a new series of highlight macros prefixed with WA_.
        Older  versions  of  this library did not force an update of the screen
        when changing the attributes.  Use touchwin  to  force  the  screen  to
        match the updated attributes.
                WA_NORMAL       Normal display (no highlight)
                WA_STANDOUT     Best highlighting mode of the terminal.
                WA_UNDERLINE    Underlining
                WA_REVERSE      Reverse video
                WA_BLINK        Blinking
                WA_DIM          Half bright
                WA_BOLD         Extra bright or bold
                WA_ALTCHARSET   Alternate character set
        The  XSI  curses  standard specifies that each pair of corresponding A_
        and WA_-using functions operates on the same current-highlight informa‐
        The XSI standard extended conformance level adds new highlights A_HORI     
        ZONTAL, A_LEFT, A_LOW, A_RIGHT, A_TOP,  A_VERTICAL  (and  corresponding
        WA_ macros for each) which this implementation does not yet support.
        All routines return the integer OK on success, or ERR on failure.
        X/Open does not define any error conditions.
        This  implementation  returns  an  error if the window pointer is null.
        The wcolor_set function returns an error if the color pair parameter is
        outside the range 0..COLOR_PAIRS-1.
        curses(3X),     curs_addch(3X),     curs_addstr(3X),     curs_bkgd(3X),


Based on BSD UNIX
FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for x86 compatible (including Pentium and Athlon), amd64 compatible (including Opteron, Athlon64, and EM64T), UltraSPARC, IA-64, PC-98 and ARM architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX developed at the University of California, Berkeley. It is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. Additional platforms are in various stages of development.