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elf32_xlate, elf64_xlate, gelf_xlate - translate data between files and
elf32_xlate, elf64_xlate, gelf_xlate - translate data between files and memory
#include <libelf.h> Elf_Data * elf32_xlatetof(Elf_Data *dst, Elf_Data *src, unsigned int encode); Elf_Data * elf32_xlatetom(Elf_Data *dst, Elf_Data *src, unsigned int encode); Elf_Data * elf64_xlatetof(Elf_Data *dst, Elf_Data *src, unsigned int encode); Elf_Data * elf64_xlatetom(Elf_Data *dst, Elf_Data *src, unsigned int encode); #include <gelf.h> Elf_Data * gelf_xlatetof(Elf *elf, Elf_Data *dst, Elf_Data *src, unsigned int encode); Elf_Data * gelf_xlatetom(Elf *elf, Elf_Data *dst, Elf_Data *src, unsigned int encode);
These functions translate between the file and memory representations of ELF data structures. The in-memory representation of an ELF data struc‐ ture would confirm to the byte ordering and data alignment restrictions dictated by the host processor. A file representation of the same data structure could use a non-native byte ordering and in addition may be laid out differently with the file. Functions elf32_xlatetom(), elf64_xlatetom(), and gelf_xlatetom() trans‐ late data from file representations to native, in-memory representations. Functions elf32_xlatetof(), elf64_xlatetof(), and gelf_xlatetof() trans‐ late data from in-memory representations to file representations. Argument src denotes an Elf_Data descriptor describing the source to be translated. The following elements of the descriptor need to be set before invoking these functions: d_buf Set to a valid pointer value denoting the beginning of the data area to be translated. d_size Set to the total size in bytes of the source data area to be translated. d_type Set to the type of the source data being translated. This value is one of the values defined in the Elf_Type enumera‐ tion. The Elf_Type enumeration is described in elf(3). d_version Set to the version number of the ELF data structures being translated. Currently only version EV_CURRENT is supported. Argument dst describes the destination buffer. The following elements of the Elf_Data descriptor need to be set before invoking these functions: d_buf Set to a valid pointer value that denotes the start of the destination buffer that will hold translated data. This value may be the same as that of the source buffer, in which case an in-place conversion will be attempted. d_size Set to the size of the destination buffer in bytes. This value will be modified if the function call succeeds. d_version Set to the desired version number of the destination. Currently only version EV_CURRENT is supported. These translations routines allow the source and destination buffers to coincide, in which case an in-place translation will be done if the des‐ tination is large enough to hold the translated data. Other kinds of overlap between the source and destination buffers are not permitted. On successful completion of the translation request the following fields of the dst descriptor would be modified: d_size Set to the size in bytes of the translated data. d_type Set to the d_type value of the source data descriptor. Argument encode specifies the encoding in which the file objects are rep‐ resented. It must be one of: ELFDATANONE File objects use the library’s native byte ordering. ELFDATA2LSB File objects use a little-endian ordering. ELFDATA2MSB File objects use a big-endian ordering. The functions gelf_xlatetof() and gelf_xlatetom() select the appropriate 32 or 64 bit translations based on the class of argument elf. These functions return argument dst if successful, or NULL in case of an error.
These functions may fail with the following errors: [ELF_E_ARGUMENT] One of arguments src, dst or elf was NULL. [ELF_E_ARGUMENT] Arguments src and dst were equal. [ELF_E_ARGUMENT] The desired encoding parameter was not one of ELFDATANONE, ELFDATA2LSB or ELFDATA2MSB. [ELF_E_ARGUMENT] The d_type field of argument src specified an unsup‐ ported type. [ELF_E_DATA] The src argument had a zero d_size field. [ELF_E_DATA] The src argument specified a buffer size that was not an integral multiple of its underlying type. [ELF_E_DATA] The dst argument specified a buffer size that was too small. [ELF_E_DATA] Argument dst specified a destination buffer that over‐ laps with the source buffer. [ELF_E_DATA] The destination buffer for a conversion to memory had an alignment inappropriate for the underlying ELF type. [ELF_E_DATA] The source buffer for a conversion to file had an alignment inappropriate for the underlying ELF type. [ELF_E_UNIMPL] The version numbers for arguments dst and src were not identical. [ELF_E_UNIMPL] The argument src requested conversion for a type which is not currently supported. [ELF_E_VERSION] Argument src specified an unsupported version number. elf(3), elf_getdata(3), gelf(3)