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dconschat - user interface to dcons(4)

 

NAME

      dconschat - user interface to dcons(4)
 

SYNOPSIS

      dconschat [-brvwRT1] [-e escape-char] [-h hz] [-C console_port]
                [-G gdb_port] [-M core] [-N system]
      dconschat [-brvwR1] [-h hz] [-C console_port] [-G gdb_port] [-a address]
                [-u bus_num] -t target_eui64
 

DESCRIPTION

      The dconschat utility is designed to provide a way for users to access
      dcons(4) (dumb console device) on a local or remote system.  The
      dconschat utility interacts with dcons(4) using kvm(3) or firewire(4),
      and interacts with the user over TTY or TCP/IP.  To access remote
      dcons(4) using firewire(4), you have to specify target EUI64 address
      using the -t option. Physical DMA should be enabled on the target machine
      for access via FireWire.
 
      The dconschat utility and the dcons(4) driver communicate using 2 ports,
      one for the console port and another for remote gdb(1) port.  Users are
      supposed to access dconschat using TTY, telnet(1) and gdb(1).  You can
      specify listen ports for console and gdb(1) port using the -C and -G
      options respectively.  The port number 0 has special meaning that current
      TTY (stdin/stdout) is used instead of TCP/IP.  A negative port number
      will disable the port.  By analogy with pty(4) device, the dcons(4) acts
      as a slave device and dconschat acts as a master device with telnetd(8).
 
      Typed characters are normally transmitted directly to dcons(4).  A escape
      character (the default is ‘~’ ) appearing as the first character of a
      line is an escape signal; the following are recognized:
 
      ~.     Drop the connection and exit.
 
      ~^G    Invoke kgdb on the terminal on which dconschat is running.
 
      ~^R    Reset the target over FireWire if a reset address is registered in
             Configuration ROM.
 
      ~^Z    Suspend the dconschat process.
 
      The following options are supported.
 
      -b      Translate Ctrl-C to ALT_BREAK (CR + ‘~’ + Ctrl-B) on gdb(1) port.
 
      -r      Replay old buffer on connection.
 
      -v      Verbose debug output.  Multiple -v options increase verbosity.
 
      -w      Listen on a wildcard address rather than localhost.
 
      -R      Read-only.  Do not write anything to the dcons(4) buffer.
 
      -T      Enable ad-hoc workaround for the TELNET protocol to remove unnec‐
              essary byte sequences.  It should be set when you access
              dconschat using telnet(1).
 
      -1      One-shot.  Read available buffer, then exit.  This implies the -r
              option.
 
      -e escape-char
              Specify escape character.  The default is ’~’.
 
      -h hz   Specify polling rate.  The default value is 100.
 
      -C console_port
              Specify the console port.  The default value is 0 (stdin/stdout).
 
      -G gdb_port
              Specify gdb(1) port.  The default value is -1 (disabled).
 
      -M core
              Specify core file.
 
      -N system
              Specify system file such as /boot/kernel/kernel.
 
      -t target_eui64
              Specify the 64-bit extended unique identifier of the target, and
              use FireWire to access remote dcons(4).
 
      -a address
              Specify the physical I/O address of the dcons(4) buffer.  See
              dcons(4) for details.  If this option is not specified, dconschat
              tries to get the address from the Configuration ROM on the tar‐
              get.  You are supposed to enable dcons_crom(4) on the target to
              omit this option.
 
      -u bus_num
              Specify FireWire bus number.  The default is 0.
 

FILES

      /dev/fwmem0.0
      /dev/mem
      /dev/kmem
 

EXAMPLES

      To use dconschat with FireWire for remote dcons(4), you have to specify
      the EUI64 of the target.  You can obtain EUI64 by running fwcontrol(8)
      without options.  The first EUI64 is of the host running fwcontrol(8) and
      others on the bus follow.
 
            # fwcontrol
            2 devices (info_len=2)
            node           EUI64          status
               1  77-66-55-44-33-22-11-00      0
               0  00-11-22-33-44-55-66-77      1
 
      The EUI64 does not change unless you change the hardware as the ethernet
      address.
 
      Now we can run dconschat.
 
            # dconschat -br -G 12345 -t 00-11-22-33-44-55-66-77
 
      You will get console output of the target and login prompt if a getty(8)
      is running on dcons(4).  You can break to DDB with ALT_BREAK (CR + ‘~’ +
      Ctrl-B) if DDB and ALT_BREAK_TO_DEBUGGER are enabled in the target ker‐
      nel.  To quit the session, type CR + ‘~’ + ‘.’ in the console port.
 
      Using gdb(1) port is almost the same as remote gdb(1) over serial line
      except using TCP/IP instead of /dev/cu*.  See On-line Kernel Debugging
      Using Remote GDB section of The FreeBSD Developers Handbook and gdb(4)
      for details.
 
            % gdb -k kernel.debug
            (kgdb) target remote :12345
 
      Once gdb(1) is attached and you specified the -b option to dconschat,
      typing Ctrl-C in gdb(1) causes a break to debugger.
 
      The following command gets the console log from the crash dump:
 
            # dconschat -1 -M vmcore.0 -N kernel.0
 
      If you want access to the console using telnet(1), try the following:
 
            # dconschat -rTC 5555 &
            # telnet localhost 5555
 
      You may want to keep logging console output of several machines.
      conserver-com in the Ports collection may help you.  Insert the following
      lines in conserver.cf:
 
            console local {
                    master localhost;
                    type exec;
                    exec /usr/sbin/dconschat -rh 25;
            }
            console remote {
                    master localhost;
                    type exec;
                    exec /usr/sbin/dconschat -rh 25 -t 00-11-22-33-44-55-66-77;
            }
      gdb(1), telnet(1), kvm(3), dcons(4), dcons_crom(4), ddb(4), firewire(4),
      fwohci(4), gdb(4), eui64(5), fwcontrol(8)
 

AUTHORS

      Hidetoshi Shimokawa 〈simokawa@FreeBSD.org〉
 

BUGS

      This utility is currently under development.
 

Sections

Based on BSD UNIX
FreeBSD is an advanced operating system for x86 compatible (including Pentium and Athlon), amd64 compatible (including Opteron, Athlon64, and EM64T), UltraSPARC, IA-64, PC-98 and ARM architectures. It is derived from BSD, the version of UNIX developed at the University of California, Berkeley. It is developed and maintained by a large team of individuals. Additional platforms are in various stages of development.