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pciconf - diagnostic utility for the PCI bus



      pciconf - diagnostic utility for the PCI bus


      pciconf -l [-cv]
      pciconf -a selector
      pciconf -r [-b | -h] selector addr[:addr2]
      pciconf -w [-b | -h] selector addr value


      The pciconf utility provides a command line interface to functionality
      provided by the pci(4) ioctl(2) interface.  As such, some of the func‐
      tions are only available to users with write access to /dev/pci, normally
      only the super-user.
      With the -l option, it lists all devices found by the boot probe in the
      following format:
      foo0@pci0:0:4:0: class=0x010000 card=0x00000000 chip=0x000f1000 rev=0x01 hdr=0x00
      bar0@pci0:0:5:0: class=0x000100 card=0x00000000 chip=0x88c15333 rev=0x00 hdr=0x00
      none0@pci0:0:6:0: class=0x020000 card=0x00000000 chip=0x802910ec rev=0x00 hdr=0x00
      The first column gives the device name, unit number, and selector.  If
      there is no device configured in the kernel for the PCI device in ques‐
      tion, the device name will be “none”.  Unit numbers for unconfigured
      devices start at zero and are incremented for each unconfigured device
      that is encountered.  The selector is in a form which may directly be
      used for the other forms of the command.  The second column is the class
      code, with the class byte printed as two hex digits, followed by the sub-
      class and the interface bytes.  The third column gives the contents of
      the subvendorid register, introduced in revision 2.1 of the PCI standard.
      Note that it will be 0 for older cards.  The field consists of the card
      ID in the upper half and the card vendor ID in the lower half of the
      The fourth column contains the chip device ID, which identifies the chip
      this card is based on.  It consists of two fields, identifying the chip
      and its vendor, as above.  The fifth column prints the chip’s revision.
      The sixth column describes the header type.  Currently assigned header
      types include 0 for most devices, 1 for PCI to PCI bridges, and 2 for PCI
      to CardBus bridges.  If the most significant bit of the header type reg‐
      ister is set for function 0 of a PCI device, it is a multi-function
      device, which contains several (similar or independent) functions on one
      If the -c option is supplied, pciconf will list any capabilities sup‐
      ported by each device.  Each capability will be enumerated via a line in
      the following format:
          cap 10[40] = PCI-Express 1 root port
      The first value after the “cap” prefix is the capability ID in hexadeci‐
      mal.  The second value in the square brackets is the offset of the capa‐
      bility in config space in hexadecimal.  The format of the text after the
      equals sign is capability-specific.
      If the -v option is supplied, pciconf will attempt to load the ven‐
      dor/device information database, and print vendor, device, class and sub‐
      class identification strings for each device.
      All invocations of pciconf except for -l require a selector of the form
      pcidomain:bus:device:function, pcibus:device:function, or pcibus:device.
      In case of an abrigded form, omitted selector components are assumed to
      be 0.  An optional leading device name followed by @ and an optional
      final colon will be ignored; this is so that the first column in the out‐
      put of pciconf -l can be used without modification.  All numbers are base
      With the -a flag, pciconf determines whether any driver has been assigned
      to the device identified by selector.  An exit status of zero indicates
      that the device has a driver; non-zero indicates that it does not.
      The -r option reads a configuration space register at byte offset addr of
      device selector and prints out its value in hexadecimal.  The optional
      second address addr2 specifies a range to read.  The -w option writes the
      value into a configuration space register at byte offset addr of device
      selector.  For both operations, the flags -b and -h select the width of
      the operation; -b indicates a byte operation, and -h indicates a halfword
      (two-byte) operation.  The default is to read or write a longword (four


      The PCI vendor/device information database is normally read from
      /usr/share/misc/pci_vendors.  This path can be overridden by setting the
      environment variable PCICONF_VENDOR_DATABASE.
      ioctl(2), devinfo(8), kldload(8)


      The pciconf utility appeared first in FreeBSD 2.2.  The -a option was
      added for PCI KLD support in FreeBSD 3.0.


      The pciconf utility was written by Stefan Esser and Garrett Wollman.


      The -b and -h options are implemented in pciconf, but not in the underly‐
      ing ioctl(2).
      It might be useful to give non-root users access to the -a and -r
      options.  But only root will be able to execute a kldload to provide the
      device with a driver KLD, and reading of configuration space registers
      may cause a failure in badly designed PCI chips.


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